Simon J. McPherson Papers
Scope and Contents
The bulk of the Simon J. McPherson Papers consist of sermons and addresses delivered by McPherson throughout his professional life. The correspondence pertains largely to his work as pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church in Chicago. Documents pertaining to The Lawrenceville School include Headmaster's Reports and correspondence with various trustees, the bursar's office, other administration, faculty, alumni, the Headmasters' Association, and administration from private secondary schools and colleges. Other materials include articles written by McPherson and documents pertaining to various phases of life at Lawrenceville during his term of service. Lawrenceville topics of note include school athletics, chapel, lectures and entertainment, the gambling episode of 1904, honor system, military instruction, and the Calliopean Society and Philomathean Society.
- Creation: 1868 - 1947
Conditions Governing Access
The papers are open for research use.
Conditions Governing Use
Single photocopies and digital photographs may be made for research purposes. Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from the Archivist. Researchers are responsible for determining any other copyright questions.
Biographical / Historical
Simon John McPherson was born in 1850 near Mumford, New York, the son of a farmer and the grandson of Scotch immigrants. He was educated privately from the age of 14, and graduated from Princeton with an outstanding academic record. He entered seminary at Princeton, and became a preacher. He was employed at several notable Presbyterian churches, including the prestigious Second Presbyterian Church in Chicago. In 1899 he was unanimously elected by the Lawrenceville School Board of Trustees as successor to John Cameron Mackenzie.
The school’s reaction to its new headmaster was quite positive from the beginning. He was known by the students and faculty as a firm but fair leader, “preeminently and majestically Scotch”, but not without warmth or humor. McPherson tightened up discipline, which had previously been rather informal, and imposed previously-absent structure to the student government that had been founded under his predecessor. He also extended new privileges, including permission for the boys to smoke, and oversaw the creation of new spaces for recreation, including a state-of-the-art gymnasium, and a dedicated building for student societies. He encouraged students to engage in a wide variety of extracurricular activities, and was deeply passionate about school athletics.
Under McPherson the school celebrated its Centennial, a grand celebration at which future president Woodrow Wilson gave an address. This represented the first occasion where the alumni of the “Old School” of the 19th century joined with those of the “New School” reorganized by the John Cleve Green Foundation.
Following the chaos of World War I, the school found itself in the grip of the deadly Spanish influenza epidemic. Throughout the fall and winter of 1918, McPherson took a personal role in the care of sick boys, nursing them himself, and sending a letter or telegram every day to the parent of every sick boy. Unlike so many communities, Lawrenceville did not lose a single student to the disease. Tragically, McPherson’s heroic efforts overtaxed his already failing health. On January 9th, 1919, he died in Foundation House of the influenza from which he had worked so hard to spare his school. For his final acts of devotion, and for his years of successful leadership, Simon John McPherson is remembered as a brilliant and passionate force within the school community.
8.76 Linear Feet (21 boxes)
Language of Materials
The Simon J. McPherson Papers are arranged into three series: Series 1: General Correspondence, 1883-1919; Series 2: The Lawrenceville School, 1895-1947; Series 3: Sermons, Addresses, and School Work, 1868-1919. The current arrangement closely follows the original arrangment conceived by A.R. Evans in the mid-1960s.
Most sermons have multiple numbers that correspond to the original as well as different revisions or versions. The sermons here are arranged by the number given to the original version of the sermon.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The acquisition history of the McPherson papers is unclear. It is likely that they were collected by Charles Henry Raymond after McPherson's death. Portions of Raymond's papers were found interfiled with Head Master McPherson's sermons. There are also indications that papers were rearranged by A.R. Evans in the early 1960s and transferred to the Archives shortly thereafter. Portions were a gift from Susan McPherson. In 2019 a collection of sermons dating to around 1882 (see Accession #2019.1050.001, McPherson Sermons) was found at the Presbyterian Church of Barnet, Vermont and sent to the Lawrenceville school.
Appraisal has been conducted in accordance with The Lawrenceville School Stephan Archives guidelines.
These papers were collected by Charles Henry Raymond and initially processed by A.R. Evans in the mid-1960s. They were reprocessed according to current archival standards by Casey Babcock in November of 2011. The biographical note was written by Zoe Vybiral. The 2019 july accural was proccessed by Stephanie Eder.
A previous version of the finding aid stated "It was either Raymond or Evans that developed the numbering system for the sermons." but new accurals also included the numbering system and the numbers appear to be part of the original document.
Genre / Form
- Education, Secondary -- United States
- First Presbyterian Church (East Orange, N.J.)
- High school students -- United States -- Religious life.
- High school teaching -- United States.
- Lawrenceville School -- History
- New Jersey -- History.
- Private school trustees
- Second Presbyterian Church (Chicago, Ill.)
- The Lawrenceville School
- Simon J. McPherson Papers: Finding Aid
- Casey Babcock, A.R. Evans, and Zoe Vybiral
- October 9, 2012
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
Part of the The Lawrenceville School Stephan Archives Repository
2500 Main St.
Lawrenceville 08648 U.S.A. US